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Parenting Styles: What Kind of Parent Are You??

Different Types of Parenting

There are several recognized types of parenting styles, each characterized by different approaches to child-rearing. These styles are based on the balance between levels of demandingness (control) and responsiveness (warmth). Keep in mind that these styles are theoretical constructs, and actual parenting practices can vary widely. Here are some of the common parenting styles:

Authoritarian Parenting:

Description: Authoritarian parents are strict and demanding, with high expectations for obedience and discipline. They often have clear rules and consequences but may not be very responsive to their child's needs or emotions.

Outcome: Children raised in authoritarian households may develop good self-control but might also struggle with social skills and self-esteem.


· High demand, low responsiveness.

· Strict rules and expectations.

· Little room for negotiation or flexibility.

· Emphasis on obedience and discipline.

Impact on Children:

- May excel in following rules.

- Could have lower self-esteem and poorer social skills.

- May be more prone to anxiety or depression.

Authoritative Parenting:

Description: Authoritative parents are firm but also responsive to their child's needs. They set clear expectations and rules, but they are also nurturing and supportive. There is a balance between discipline and warmth.

Outcome: Children raised with authoritative parenting often develop good social skills, self-esteem, and competence.


· High demand, high responsiveness.

· Clear rules with explanations.

· Supportive and nurturing.

· Encourages independence and individuality.

Impact on Children:

- Tend to have good social skills and self-esteem.

- Develop strong problem-solving and decision-making abilities.

- Generally well-adjusted and capable of forming positive relationships.

Permissive Parenting:

Description: Permissive parents are indulgent and lenient, setting few demands or rules. They are often highly responsive to their child's desires and may avoid confrontation.

Outcome: Children raised in permissive households may struggle with self-control and discipline, and they might have difficulty following rules.


· Low demand, high responsiveness.

· Few rules or limits.

· Indulgent and lenient.

· Often avoid confrontation.

Impact on Children:

- May struggle with self-discipline and self-control.

- Could have difficulty respecting authority.

- Might experience challenges in academic and social settings.

Uninvolved (Neglectful) Parenting:

Description: Uninvolved parents are low in both demandingness and responsiveness. They may be neglectful, providing minimal supervision or emotional support.

Outcome: Children raised in uninvolved households may face challenges in emotional and social development, and they may exhibit behavioural issues.


· Low demand, low responsiveness.

· Minimal involvement in a child's life.

· May provide necessities but lack emotional support.

Impact on Children:

- The higher likelihood of behavioural issues.

- May struggle with forming healthy relationships.

- Greater risk of emotional and social difficulties.

Helicopter Parenting:

Description: Helicopter parents are overly involved in their child's life, often trying to control and micromanage every aspect. They hover over their children, attempting to shield them from challenges and failures.

Outcome: Children raised by helicopter parents may struggle with independence and decision-making skills.


· Overly involved and protective.

· Constantly monitors and intervenes in the child's life.

· May struggle to let the child face challenges on their own.

Impact on Children:

- Potential for low self-confidence and independence.

- Difficulty with decision-making and problem-solving.

- May feel pressure to meet high parental expectations.

Free-Range Parenting:

Description: Free-range parents allow their children more independence and autonomy. They believe in giving their children the freedom to explore and learn from their experiences.

Outcome: Children raised with free-range parenting may develop independence and problem-solving skills but may also face increased risks.


· Emphasis on independence and autonomy.

· Allows children the freedom to explore and learn from experiences.

· Encourages responsibility and decision-making.

Impact on Children:

-Tends to foster independence and resilience.

- Develop problem-solving skills.

- May face increased risks, but also gain valuable life experiences.

It's essential to recognize that effective parenting involves adapting to the individual needs and temperament of each child. Furthermore, a healthy balance between demandingness and responsiveness, as seen in authoritative parenting, tends to be associated with positive outcomes for children. Additionally, cultural and contextual factors can influence parenting styles and their perceived effectiveness.

It's important to note that these styles are broad categories, and individual parents may exhibit a mix of these characteristics. Additionally, the effectiveness of a parenting style can depend on factors such as the child's temperament, cultural context, and societal influences.

The parenting styles—Strict Parenting, Lenient Parenting, and Guiding Parenting—can be considered variations or subtypes within the broader categories. The terms used to describe parenting styles can sometimes vary depending on the source or the specific model being referenced.

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